The Next Big Theme: November 2021
Renewable Energy & Cleantech
Biden Goes to the COP26 Climate Change Summit
President Biden announced two new international commitments, one to curb methane emissions and one to end deforestation by 2030.1 Thus far, 105 countries have signed the Global Methane Pledge, which aims for a 30% reduction by 2030.2 Leaders of more than 100 countries vowed to end deforestation by 2030, which would encompass about 85% of the world’s forests.3 With financial support from other industrialised nations, the Biden administration said that it expects to provide US$100 billion a year in aid to help developing countries fight and adapt to global warming.4 Biden said the U.S. would contribute US$3 billion annually by 2024.5 On the net-zero end, 450 financial firms pledged $130 trillion in capital to finance the transition to net-zero emissions with commitments to shift 100% of their funds to net-zero emissions targets by 2050. Over 100 countries, regional governments, and auto manufacturers doubled down on their pledges to transition to 100% all-electric cars by 2040.
Holidays Ring in Surplus Packages
Holiday e-commerce sales are projected to increase 14.4% this year, with online traffic comprising 18.4% of all spending through year-end.6 Apparel and accessories is expected to be the fastest-growing segment in the U.S. this holiday season with a 25.5% year-over-year (YoY) increase, followed by computer and consumer electronics at +12.5% and health and personal care at +12.1% YoY.7 In anticipation of the rush, Amazon released plans to hire 150,000 seasonal employees. To further motivate prospective employees, Amazon is offering a US$3,000 sign-on bonus and a US$3/hour wage bump in certain locations.8 Global logistics giant UPS is shifting gears to focus on small and medium-sized businesses as they continue to show persistent growth in e-commerce package volume. The company reported positive results despite supply chain challenges.
Electric Vehicles & Lithium
OEMs Power Up Auto Electrification
Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) continue to ramp up their commitments to electric vehicles (EV) in the U.S. Toyota has an U.S. electrified vehicles (including hybrid (HEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV), fuel cell (FCEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV)) sales volume of roughly 25%, which it intends to raise to about 70% by 2030.9 Stellantis aims for EVs and PHEVs to account for 40% of its U.S. sales volume.10 The BMW Group wants its EVs to comprise 50% of its U.S. sales volume by 2030.11 Battery technology is also a major focus. Toyota is investing US$1.29 billion to build a battery plant with Toyota Tsusho by 2025.12 Stellantis is partnering with LG Energy Solution for a plant with production capacity of 40 gWh.13 Tesla signed a three-year supply deal with China’s Ganfeng Lithium starting 2022.14 And General Motors announced goals to reduce battery costs by 60%.15
Spending Reaches the Clouds
In Q3 2021, spending on cloud infrastructure services reached a new high of US$50 billion as the digital economy continues to thrive.16 Spending was US$2.4 billion higher than in Q2 2021 and US$13 billion higher than in Q3 2020.17 The pandemic increased digitisation by 59% at organisations,18 and companies continue to assimilate to an economy that includes hybrid and work-from-home set-ups. France is the latest country to announce a major cloud spending push. It has plans to invest US$2.1 billion in the industry, with US$770 million going to public financing, US$513 million to European Union financing, and US$785 million to private co-financing.19
Security Escalates to the Federal Level
The Biden administration issued a new mandate for federal agencies to patch cybersecurity vulnerabilities in government software. This new mandate covers about 200 known security flaws, making it one of the most widespread initiatives of its kind.20 Also, the House passed the Small Business Administration (SBA) Cyber Awareness Act, requiring small businesses to notify Congress of cybersecurity breaches. A second component includes the Small Business Development Center Cyber Training Act for cybersecurity counseling certification programs.
Robotics & AI
Report: Record Robots
The news was positive for robot growth in the International Federation of Robotics’ annual World Robotics Report. There are now 3 million operational industrial robots working in factories globally, up 10% from last year.21 By year-end, it’s estimated there will be 435,000 industrial robot installations, up from 384,000 last year. Asia remains the world’s largest robot market, led by China with 168,400 industrial units. Japan and the U.S. are the second and third-biggest markets at 38,7000 and 30,800, respectively. Currently, the electronic, automotive, and metal/machinery industries use industrial robot applications the most. The service robots market also reached a new high of US$6.7 billion worldwide, up 12%yoy in 2020.
Life in the Metaverse
Facebook announced that it is all in on the metaverse, so much so that it’s changing its corporate name to Meta, of which all Facebook properties will fall under, including Messenger, WhatsApp, and Instagram. As a leader in the virtual reality (VR) connectivity space, with its formerly Oculus-branded VR worlds, Facebook intends to be the host site for a metaverse of creators and developers that bring new experiences to users. Microsoft’s version will see the company adapt its office products suite. Microsoft Team’s chat and conference is in testing and will be available H1 2022.22 Even dating is headed to the metaverse, starting with Tinder’s parent company Match Group. The company has a vision for “Single Town,” a world where users can interact through real-time audio and virtual meetups.23
KEEP UP WITH THE LATEST RESEARCH FROM GLOBAL X
To learn more about the disruptive themes changing our world, read the latest research from Global X, including:
- European Thematic UCITS ETFs Report – October 2021
- Infrastructure Investments to Spur Europe’s Digital and Green Transition
- Introducing the Global X Genomics & Biotechnology UCITS ETF (GNOM)
- Introducing the Global X Cloud Computing UCITS ETF (CLO)
- What’s the Science Behind Genomics?
- Introducing the Global X U.S. Infrastructure Development UCITS ETF (PAVE)
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